[Source: Emirates Team New Zealand] It has been a big couple of weeks in the world of the America’s Cup. The protocol, the first amendments to it and San Francisco being ruled out as a venue.
The team has spent many days going through the document line-by-line, clause-by-clause and importantly its first amendment that was published earlier this week.
We finished this process only this morning.
Yesterday Oracle announced that San Francisco was no longer being considered as the venue. We are sorry we won’t be racing there, but agree with the reported reasons for the decision which was based on factors that would have massively increased costs to competitors.
America’s Cup Protocols always advantage the defender. In our review we asked: how will each of these clauses impact on Emirates Team New Zealand’s chances of winning the 35th America’s Cup.
We found some checks and balances that are not necessarily apparent at first reading.
Our conclusion is that we can mount a competitive challenge, with a realistic chance of winning the 35th America’s Cup.
To achieve this we will have to think smarter and mobilise the knowledge and expertise of the New Zealand marine industry.
Remember the initial advantage Oracle had in the 34th America’s Cup. They had beaten Alinghi in a multihull challenge. Their trimaran had a wing sail.
Emirates Team New Zealand was a monohull sailing team. Crew had only minimal experience in multihulls. The design team had absolutely no experience of wing sails.
Oracle seemed to hold all the cards yet in San Francisco last year little New Zealand was able to give the world’s biggest economy a very big fright.
Here are some of our conclusions:
The two-boats issue
The Protocol allows the defender to build two boats; challengers only one. However, the detail of the rule shows the advantage to Oracle is not as has been widely perceived.
- Oracle is allowed only minimal two-boat sailing time. The second boat cannot be launched until 30 days before the Challengers’ Qualifier series, which is not earlier than four months before the America’s Cup match and they cannot sail their two boats together until after the completion of the Qualifier series.
- Oracle can do two-boat testing while the challengers are racing their semi-finals and final, which has been the case in previous America’s Cups.
- The second boat has to be built from the same mould as the first with modifications limited to no more than 20% of the hull surface which is the same as for the Challengers.
- Oracle is required to sail their first boat in the America’s Cup final.
- Crucially they are limited to the same number of dagger boards (six one-piece dagger boards or 12 lower sections) and only two wing masts even though they will have two boats.
- Challengers will be able to train/two boat test together at either the qualifying venue or the match venue, or both if they wish, as there is no restriction of the exchange of design and performance data, which was in the past, prohibited.
Grant Dalton feels Emirates Team New Zealand has a realistic chance to win the 35th America’s Cup. Photo copyright Chris Cameron / Emirates Team New Zealand
ISAF jury sidelined
The lack of an ISAF (International Sailing Federation) appointed independent jury has been highlighted. This was to be replaced by a three-man arbitration panel with panel members to be appointed by the Golden Gate Yacht Club and the Challenger of record.
This week’s amendment changes that to a fairer system: The chairman is to be appointed jointly by the GGYC and the COR from the Court of Arbitration for Sport list of arbitrators. The second member of the panel is to be appointed by the Competitor Forum (ie all competitors with one vote each) and the first two appointed arbitrators decide the third member.
When Team New Zealand defended the Cup in 2000 and 2003 an arbitration panel was used. Emirates Team New Zealand is satisfied that this is a fair appointment procedure.
The amendment also changes the manner in which crucial decisions are made in relation to the appointment of regatta officials and the management/budgeting of the regatta official’s fund which uses entry fees to pay regatta operation costs.
In the initial protocol the Defender and the Challenger of Record made these decisions jointly. Competitor Forum made up of all the teams will now make them. Each team will have one vote.
The level of fines able to be imposed by the Arbitration Panel will now be decided solely by the panel rather than by the Defender and Challenger of Record together.
These changes in the Protocol amendment represent significant concessions with the Defender agreeing to reduce the controls it can have over challenging teams.
The 35th America’s Cup is not yet sanctioned by ISAF but the regatta director is empowered to negotiate for this. We are confident that, as in the past, it will be an ISAF-sanctioned event and we expect that, like 2000 and 2003, ISAF-certified umpires and jury members will adjudicate on all on-the-water and racing-rule issues.
Timing of entry fees
This team has raised the issue of up-front entry fees and the performance bond being required before the venue is known which is a major issue for commercial teams.
The intent seems to be to avoid the situation that arose leading up to 2013 when several challengers that competed in the preliminary AC45 regattas were not financially strong enough to mount a campaign for the Cup itself. This meant the host city’s expectations on team numbers were not met.
Requiring such high entry fees and the performance bond all by December 1 2014 without the venue being known is a cash-flow problem for commercial teams rather than materially affecting their ability to win the event.
Permission to sail in other events
A clause in this week’s Protocol amendment covering permission to sail in other events corrected an ambiguous clause. As originally written it could have been interpreted to mean sailing team members had to get permission to sail in events outside the America’s Cup. The wording also required a challenger yacht club to ask for permission to conduct its own regattas. These consequences appear to have been unintended and the Protocol amendment resolves this issue.
The nationality rule for crew has been somewhat harshly described as “token”. Whilst the quota is not as high as we would like to see, it is a start and a good precedent for further refinement in the future.
AC62 Class Rule
Since the publication of the Protocol, the AC62 Class Rule has also been released. A draft had been previously circulated to all prospective teams for comment. We are pleased to see that comments made by Emirates Team New Zealand were dealt with in adjustments made to the final version.
The release of the Protocol and the subsequent amendment, the release of the final AC62 Class Rule and the elimination of San Francisco as a possible venue give the team something to work with. Leading up to the 2013 match the Protocol was amended 19 times, the final time on September 2, 2013, just days before Emirates Team New Zealand faced off against Oracle.